It is well recognised that adequate sanitation facilities plays an important part in the health and wellbeing of the local community. A previous house to house survey in Madina 2011 (consisting of 10 structured interviews) showed a good level of understanding of hygiene, hand washing, and the role of good toilet facilities. There were very few householders using the ‘bush’. The majority had some form of toilet facility. These were mostly shallow simple pits which were surrounded by palm leaves for privacy. There was no cover.

Every one of those interviewed desired a better toilet facility in order to give them more privacy and to reduce the smell.

It was as a result of the above survey (which was conducted by that a pilot programme of building 3 V.I.P. (Ventilation Improved Pit) toilets would be implemented.

The Project

  • 3 reliable families who are known to the Catholic Mission have been selected
  • The families are responsible for the digging of the pit to the desired specification (between 3-5 metres depending on the depth of the water table)
  • The pit is cement lined according to the agreed specification
  • The toilet base is of a ceramic squat type on a concrete platform
  • A ventilation pipe from the pit to the outside wall is installed for the reduction of flies and odour
  • The side walls, door, and roof are constructed of easily found split bamboo material that is naturally prevalent in the local bush
  • The location is agreed with the families but must conform with guidelines – ie safe distance from water drawing facilities
  • The single toilet facility must be shared between sexes and also between neighbouring families (with agreement). NOTE: Evidence suggests that if the V.I.P is built to the required standard then up 20 people can use a single facility for 15-20 years
  • The cost of building each facility should be less than £250


The following questions need to be answered:

  • Does the facility come within budget?
  • Is the toilet used (by both sexes)?
  • What do people like about the toilet?
  • What do people dislike about the toilet?
  • Does the toilet reduce odour?
  • Does the toilet reduce the presence of flies?
  • Has the introduction of this toilet encouraged good hygiene practice ie cleaning and hand washing?
  • Is the construction sound (after 6 months and 1 year)?
  • Does the rainy season affect the usage of the toilet?
  • PLUS Free Comments

Post Evaluation

As a result of the above evaluation and stake-holder responses a decision will be made as to whether further funding will be sought to extend the pilot project to more house holders

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